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Chloe is a lawyer at the RSPCA. She is called a ‘prosecutor’ which means she goes to court when someone has broken the law. Chloe works together with the Inspectors who investigate reports that come to RSPCA South Australia about animals in trouble. When the RSPCA gets a report, an Inspector investigates which includes speaking to people about what they know or saw and taking photos and videos. Sometimes, animals who are injured or sick need to be taken to the vet by the Inspector. The Inspector collects lots of information and puts it together into a brief. When an investigation is finished, sometimes there is evidence of animal cruelty or neglect.
The brief is then taken to Chloe and she looks at all of the information and decides whether the law has been broken. There are laws in South Australia which say that people are not allowed to ill treat animals. This means that people who own animals need to look after them properly and people cannot be cruel or violent towards animals. If the brief shows someone has broken the law, that person is taken to court.
At a court hearing, three people need to be there. Firstly, Chloe goes to tell the court how the law has been broken and what the evidence is to prove it. Secondly, the person who has broken the law also comes to court. Thirdly, a Magistrate must be there.
If the Magistrate decides the law has been broken, it is also his or her job to decide what punishment there should be. Punishments are usually called ‘sentences’ or ‘penalties’. When it is time for sentencing, it is Chloe’s job to tell the Magistrate what happened to the animal, why it is serious and what penalty should be given. The person who broke the law can also tell the Magistrate any other information that is important. Then the Magistrate decides what punishment there should be. This might be a promise to the court not to break the law again, a fine or going to gaol.
Prosecuting animal cruelty cases is rewarding and challenging. Each case is unique so it is important to Chloe to make sure each case is carefully read and she is prepared for court.